The semantic typology of visually grounded paraphrases

Abstract

Visually grounded paraphrases (VGPs) are different phrasal expressions describing the same visual concept in an image. Previous studies treat VGP identification as a binary classification task, which ignores various phenomena behind VGPs (i.e., different linguistic interpretation of the same visual concept) such as linguistic paraphrases and VGPs from different aspects. In this paper, we propose semantic typology for VGPs, aiming to elucidate the VGP phenomena and deepen the understanding about how human beings interpret vision with language. We construct a large VGP dataset that annotates the class to which each VGP pair belongs according to our typology. In addition, we present a classification model that fuses language and visual features for VGP classification on our dataset. Experiments indicate that joint language and vision representation learning is important for VGP classification. We further demonstrate that our VGP typology can boost the performance of visually grounded textual entailment.

Publication
Computer Vision and Image Understanding
Chenhui Chu
Chenhui Chu
Guest Associate Professor
Noa Garcia
Noa Garcia
Specially-Appointed Assistant Professor

Her research interests lie in computer vision and machine learning applied to visual retrieval and joint models of vision and language for high-level understanding tasks.

Yuta Nakashima
Yuta Nakashima
Associate Professor

Yuta Nakashima is an associate professor with Institute for Datability Science, Osaka University. His research interests include computer vision, pattern recognition, natural langauge processing, and their applications.

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